Transporting personal cargo abroad is probably something that many of us would not do. Even if we do it will once or twice in our lifetime. Therefore, it is good to be knowledgeable about the process and the terminology in case the need arises.
For this process you will be known as the shipper or the exporter. It is your duty to submit duly filled forms and make the necessary payments.
Choose a suitable shipping company
First and foremost find a reliable shipping company. Once you commit to them they will be sending personnel over to your house for estimations, packing and handle your cargo from the moment it leaves your house. All international moving services will handle transportation, but you will have to make the payment.
Process before shipment
Once the cargo has been taken from the pickup point it is transported to a warehouse where it will be stored until it is loaded into a container. This warehouse is usually referred to as the ‘consolidating warehouse’. Depending on the volume and dimensions of your cargo it will either be packed into an exclusive container or a container with other goods. An exclusive container has only one shipper’s goods.
Containers with mixed goods are not shipped until the container is full. They will be held at the warehouse till then. Once the container is deemed ready it will be loaded on to a ship and the ship will leave the export port.
During the shipment
During the shipment the crew has the authority to dispose of any cargo to protect those aboard the ship at their sole discretion. You may not get a compensation for this. For an instance the crew can dispose of cargo to save a sinking ship or anything that poses an immediate fire hazard.
In the rare occurrence of an event like a port strike or bad weather where the shipment will be delayed, you will have to pay for any additional charges. Note that the exporter must bear all costs that are not the responsibility of the shipping line. These costs may not be explicitly stated initially when you sign the agreement as some of these charges may not have been anticipated.
At the import port
Once it reaches the import port, the receiver will be notified of the shipment via post. They will have to come to a specified port to claim the shipment. Clearance charges are applicable.
Keep in mind that this is highly simplified version of the actual process and it is applicable any country whether you consider logistics in Kazakhstan, USA or Europe.
Most of these proceedings will be invisible to you and you may not be aware of any extra charges you may have to pay. So to be on the safe side, always allocate a little extra from the budget when you make a shipment.